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Bharat Mata Temple


Bharat Mata Temple is located north-west of Godaulia in the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth.

How to Reach:

You can reach Bharat Mata temple by Car or Auto rickshaw or Cycle rickshaw.

Pooja Timing:

The temple opens at 9.30 A.M in the morning and closes at 8.00 P.M in the evening.


Bharat Mata Temple is a modern shrine which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936. There are many Holy Places in Varanasi but the Bharat Mata Temple is one with a difference. Unlike the other temples it does not enshrine any particular God or Goddess revered by religious followers. Bharat Mata Temple is dedicated to Mother India. The statute of Bharat Mata is built in marble and is a model of undivided India, depicting the mountains, plains, oceans, rivers and pilgrimages. The most peculiar thing about the Bharat Mata Temple is that instead of the customary gods and goddesses, it houses a relief map of India, carved out of marble brought from Makrana. Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Durga Prasad Khatri, leading numismatists and antiquarians, leading nationalist leaders donated for its construction. Bharat Mata Temple is the only temple in Varanasi which is dedicated to Mother India portraying as the personification of India as a mother goddess.


Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Shri Durga Prasad Khatri are credited with the construction of the Bharat Mata Temple, the former was a nationalist leader and the latter a reputed numismatist and antiquarian. It struck them that Varanasi is home to many temples and mosques. But there is no such edifice in this cultural capital of the country which would stand as a fine symbol of the spirit of nationalism and secularism. So they hit upon this novel idea of a temple where the country would be worshipped, where there would be no customary Gods and Goddesses andwhich would have no religious association.

This temple was built by Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta and Shri Durga Prasad Khatri and inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.This temple represents the human manifestation of Indian nation. It houses a relief map of India carved on white marble brought from Makrana. The map that is kept here depicts the undivided India as the temple was built before partition. The map is absolutely perfect in scale as the plains, mountains and oceans are marked with great precision in terms of longitude and latitude. This temple is ventured by all Indians irrespective of cast and creed and color. The other unique feature of this temple is its unique design. It stands on five different pillars and each pillar symbolizes earth, water, fire, water and Sky which constitutes the five basic elements of creation. All these pillars finally converge at the top signifying that the world of five elements has ultimately to merge with Supreme.