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Banaras Hindu University

Location: Banaras Hindu University or commonly referred to as BHU is located on the southern edge of Varanasi, near the banks of the River Ganga.

How to Reach: You can reach Banaras Hindu University easily by car, auto rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.


Banaras Hindu University having a green and peaceful campus was built by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya during the time of Indian freedom struggle in year 1916. Banaras Hindu University is known as Oxford of the east and renowned as the largest residential university of Asia having over 60 hostels for resident students. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was a prominent lawyer as well as an Indian independence activist and considered education as the primary means for achieving a national awakening.Banaras Hindu University has approximately 140 independent departments with over 20,000 students, and includes students from over 34 nations. Banaras Hindu University houses the famous Bharat Kala Bhavan, a museum of Art and Archeology and a huge white marbled Temple called new Vishwanath Temple, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, the founder of the university. Banaras Hindu University’s main campus was built on land donated by the Kashi Naresh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras and it is spread over 1,300 acres (5.3 km2). Another addition to Banaras Hindu University is the Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, located in Barkachha in Mirzapur district, about 60 kms from Banaras which is spread over 2,700 acres (11 km2) and hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agriculture Science Centre). Several of its streams are ranked among the best in India. The university's engineering institute was designated an IIT in June 2012. Banaras Hindu University is among the few finest institutions of higher learning in India. Buildings built in the first half of the 20th century are fine examples of Indo-Gothic architecture.

Sayaji Rao Gaekwad library is the main library on campus having over 1.3 million volumes. The construction of the library was completed in 1941 which was financed by Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III of Baroda. Apart from the main library, there are three institute libraries, eight faculty libraries and over 25 departmental libraries available for the students and the staff.

Sir Sunderlal Hospital on the campus is a teaching hospital for the Institute of Medical Sciences. It was established in year 1926 with 96 beds and since then it has been expanded to over 900 beds making it the largest tertiary referral hospital in the region.

The most prominent landmark is new Vishwanath Temple, located in the campus. The foundation of this 252 feet (77 m) high complex of seven temples was laid in March 1931 and took almost three decades to complete.

Bharat Kala Bhavan is an art and archaeological museum on the campus. Bharat Kala Bhavan was established in January 1920 and has gained prominence with the efforts of Rai Krishnadasa. The museum is best known for its collection of Indian paintings, but also includes archaeological artefacts, textiles and costumes, Indian philately as well as literary and archival materials.

South campus of Banaras Hindu University hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agricultural Science Centre), with focus on research in agricultural techniques, agro-forestry and bio-diversity appropriate to the Vindhya Range region. The south campus has a lecture complex, library, student hostel and faculty housing, besides administrative offices.

There are 60 hostels (including 17 Girls Hostel) with an accommodation capacity of more than 9000 students in the campus. Banaras Hindu University also provides accommodation to its faculty as well as staff. The number of residential quarters are more than 1200 which includes teaching and non-teaching staff. In addition, the University has 4 guest houses and a transit house to provide accommodation to the guests.